H-Energy, a unit of realtor Hiranandani Group, has launched the country’s first floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal at Jaigarh Port in Maharashtra’s Ratnagiri district, the company said in a statement.
The terminal has a capacity of 4 million tonnes per annum and is slated to begin commercial operation by the fourth quarter of 2018.
The terminal will also be capable of reloading LNG into other vessels. The Jaigarh Port is owned and operated by JSW Infrastructure.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4, with some mixture of ethane C2H6) that has been converted to liquid form for ease and safety of non-pressurized storage or transport. It takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state (at standard conditions for temperature and pressure). It is odorless, colorless, non-toxic and non-corrosive. Hazards include flammability after vaporization into a gaseous state, freezing, and asphyxia. The liquefaction process involves removal of certain components, such as dust, acid gases, helium, water, and heavy hydrocarbons, which could cause difficulty downstream. The natural gas is then condensed into a liquid at close to atmospheric pressure by cooling it to approximately −162 °C (−260 °F); maximum transport pressure is set at around 25 kPa (4 psi).
According to ET, The terminal will supply gas to customers through a 60-km tie-in pipeline, which will be connected to national gas grids at Dabhol. State-run GAIL already operates an LNG terminal at Dabhol.
There are three more LNG terminals on the west coast, including two in Gujarat and one in Kerala.
India is working on significantly expanding its LNG import terminal capacity to facilitate more import and enhance consumption of natural gas.