Azad Hind Sena was the first Indian Army even before the Independence which strived hard for the Independence of India parallelly with the fighters fighting within the country against the British Rule. Azad Hind Army was founded by Mohan Singh in 1942, the army consisted of Indian soldiers captured while fighting for British against Japan in the Malayan campaign and at Singapore. He visited Hitler, the German dictator and appealed for his help to free India. Hitler, on a winning streak in the Second World War, offered co-operation to Subhashchandra Bose. He enlightened the Hindustani soldiers in the British army who had surrendered to Germany. The Azad Hind Army was supported by Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and other allied nations.
However, the Azad Hind or Indian National Army was abandoned due to differences between Indian leadership and Japanese leaders. But later on, it was revived by Netaji Subhashchandra Bose. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was appointed as the Head Commander of Azad Hind Sena on 5th July 1943. The newly formed Azad Hind Sena fought successfully with Japan against the British in Imphal, Burma, and Kohima.
On forming an army of thousands of Hindustani soldiers and after getting the support of lakhs of Hindustani people in East Asia for the freedom of India. Netaji established Provisional Government of free India on 21st Oct 1943. This Government was recognized by Japan, Germany, China, Italy, Burma. Azad Hind Sena was the army of this Government. Azad Hind Sena was the army of soldiers from all castes, various states, and different languages. With the inspiring song ‘Kadam Kadam Badhaye Ja’ on their lips, Netaji and his army started a winning campaign to realize the dream of free India.
The Provisional Government of Free India Consisted of a complete Cabinet of Ministers:
- Subhash Chandra Bose- Head of the Cabinet.
- Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan- Minister of Women’s Organisation.
- Mr. S. A. Ayer – the Minister of Broadcasting and Publicity.
- Lt. Col. A. C. Chatterji – the Minister of Finance.
Netaji established ‘Rani of Jhansi Regiment” on the lines of Rani Jhansi’s army. He took a strong stand that women should also participate in military training along with men.
On 29th December 1943, Netaji Subhashchandra Bose visited Andaman as Head of the state of free India, hoisted a flag and paid homage to revolutionaries who had undergone punishment in the cellular jail. Azad Hind had been given a limited form of governmental jurisdiction over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which had been captured by the Japanese Navy early on in the war. Netaji Subhashchandra Bose named it ‘Shaheed Dweep’ and ‘Swarajya Dweep’, but however Azad Hind Sena didn’t have complete control over the island.
It was on 19th March 1944 that history was created when Azad Hind Sena entered the land of India. This was the point where Netaji gave a slogan to boost the Indian forces, “U give me blood, I promise you the Freedom”. Azad Hind Sena entered Imphal and Kohima, the Indian territories that were under British rule.
Unfortunately, Japan and Germany surrendered to their allies and thus Azad Hind Sena was left alone. Azad Sena finally withdrew the mission and decided to return back to Tokyo. While departing to Tokyo, it is said that Netaji Subhashchandra Bose died in a plane crash. However, Azad Sena failed to complete its initiative of freedom to India but it was successful in arising the people that Azad Hind Sena is trying to free India from British rule from outside the country as well.
On this 21st October, Provisional Government of India will complete its 75 years. It was the first ever declaration by Netaji about India had captured any territory under its control. His devotion and ethics in attaining India freedom from British have been the inspiration to the entire World. However, Controversies seems to revolve around this topic every time. Nevertheless, Netaji was a freedom fighter in a different way, he had his own path to attain freedom for India.