Many states in India are under threat of Zika virus breakout, however, the Union Health ministry has appealed people to not to panic.
What is Zika Virus?
Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne viral infection that primarily occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Most people infected with this virus have no signs and symptoms, while others report mild fever, rash and muscle pain. Other signs and symptoms may include a headache, red eyes (conjunctivitis) and a general feeling of discomfort.
Key Facts About Zika Virus :
- Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day.
- Symptoms are generally mild and include fever, rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or a headache. Symptoms typically last for 2–7 days. Most people with Zika virus infection do not develop symptoms.
- This virus infection during pregnancy can cause infants to be born with various malfunctions.
- Infection with this virus is also associated with other complications of pregnancy including preterm birth and miscarriage.
- The virus can be transmitted through sexual intercourse.
In India, the first outbreak was reported in Ahmedabad in January 2017 and the second was reported in Tamil Nadu’s Krishnagiri district in July that year.
Zika virus affected people have been recently identified in Rajasthan, 18 people have been tested with positive infection, the state government has been provided information, education, and communication (IEC) material prepared to create awareness about the virus and prevention strategies by the union government. The Central Health Ministry is been monitoring the existing condition in Rajasthan and has sent the team of doctors and researches to avoid the further outbreak of the virus.
Treatment Against Zika Virus.
There’s no vaccine or specific treatment. Instead, the focus is on relieving symptoms and includes rest, rehydration and acetaminophen for fever and pain.
Preventive Measures Against Zika Virus.
- Protection against mosquito bites during the day and early evening is a key measure to prevent the virus infection.
- Special attention should be given to prevention of mosquito bites among pregnant women, women of reproductive age, and young children.
- Travellers and those living in affected areas should take the same basic precautions to protect themselves from mosquito bites.